edward-pollardResearch Archaeologist for Cherish Project
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Current Projects

Edward is a researcher at the Discovery Programme on the maritime environment of eastern and southern Ireland linking with Aberystwyth University: Department of Geography and Earth Sciences; Geological Survey, Ireland; and Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales for the CHERISH project to improve our knowledge of the impact of climate and sea-level change on cultural heritage using marine and terrestrial geophysics, drones and laser scanning. This project has urgency due to erosion of the coastline by tidal currents, river flooding and wave action, perhaps exacerbated by climate change, eroding cairns, shipwrecks, promontory forts and port infrastructure in cliffs and beaches.


I am a maritime archaeologist and geoarchaeologist who has worked in coastal and underwater environments around the Mediterranean, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. Recently, I extended my coastal and inter-tidal research in eastern Africa to the underwater environment using marine geophysics and diving around medieval settlements in Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique.

Research Interests

My interests are in ports examining what they had to offer as harbours, as sources of desirable raw materials, as places of welcome and respite from the rigours of sea travel, and what they now provide as sites of cultural heritage and identity construction. 


Pollard, E., and O.C. Kinyera (2017) The Swahili coast and the Indian Ocean trade patterns during 7th to 10th century AD. Journal of Southern Africa Studies 43 (5) DOI: 10.1080/03057070.2017.1345266
Pollard, E., and C. Bita (2017) Ship engravings of Kilepwa, Mida Creek, Kenya. Azania 52 (2): 173-191. DOI: 10.1080/0067270X.2017.1283096
Pollard, E., J. Gibson and M. Littlewood (2016) Interpreting medieval to post-medieval inter-tidal features around ayres on Orkney, NE Scotland. Journal of Maritime Archaeology 11 (3): 299–322. DOI 10.1007/s11457-016-9169-0
Pollard, E. (2016) Interpreting medieval to post-medieval seafaring in SE Tanzania using 18th- to 20th-century charts and sailing directions. Les Cahiers d’Afrique de l’Est 51: 99-125
Pollard, E., and E.B. Ichumbaki (2016) Why land here? Ports and harbours in southeast Tanzania in the early second millennium AD. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
Pollard, E., R. Bates, E.B. Ichumbaki and C. Bita (2016) Shipwreck Evidence from Kilwa, Tanzania. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 45 (2): 352–369. DOI: 10.1111/1095-9270.12185
Ichumbaki, E.B., and E. Pollard (2015) Lime-mortar potsherds along the east African coast: Origin and significance. African Archaeology Review 32 (3): 443-63
Fleisher, J., P. Lane, A. LaViolette, M. Horton, E. Pollard, E. Q. Morales, T. Vernet, A. Christie & S. Wynne-Jones (2015) When did the Swahili become maritime? American Anthropologist 117 (1): 100–115.
Pollard, E., P. Robertson, M. Littlewood and G. Geddes (2014) Insights from archaeological analysis and interpretation of marine data sets to inform marine cultural heritage management and planning of wave and tidal energy development for Orkney Waters and the Pentland Firth, NE Scotland. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Management 99: 39-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.05.012
Brady, N., & E. Pollard (2013) Archaeology and development in a maritime context, highlighting Drogheda and the Boyne estuary as a case study. In Kenneth Aitcheson, James Eogan and John H Jameson Jr. (eds.), Globalized Archaeology. Training and Practice for Modern day Archaeologists. Springer.
Pollard, E., J. Fleisher & S. Wynne-Jones (2012) Beyond the stone town: maritime architecture at fourteenth – fifteenth century Songo Mnara, Tanzania. Journal of Maritime Archaeology 7: 43–62. DOI 10.1007/s11457-012-9094-9
Pollard, E. (2012) Present and past threats and response on the east coast of Africa: an archaeological perspective. Journal of Coastal Conservation 16 (2): 143-158. DOI: 10.1007/s11852-012-0204-5
Pollard, E. (2011) Safeguarding Swahili Trade in the 14th and 15th Centuries: a Unique Navigational Complex in South-East Tanzania. World Archaeology 43 (3): 458-477.
Pollard, E. (2011) The Mesolithic Maritime Landscape on the North Coast of Ireland. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 40 (2): 387-403.
Pollard, E. (2009) Settlement Adaptation to a Changing Coastline: Evidence from the Archaeological Record at Kilwa and Kaole, Tanzania, during the First and Second Millennia AD. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 4 (1): 82-107.
Cowie, J., D. Cairns, M. Blunn, C. Wilson, E. Pollard, D. Davidson (2009) A Mobile Knowledge Management And Decision Support Tool For Soil Analysis. International Journal of Information Management 29 (5): 397-406.
Wilson, C.A., D.A. Davidson, E. Pollard, J. Cowie, D. Cairns and M. Blunn (2008) SASSA: an internet based soil support system for archaeologists. Internet Archaeology 24-25:
Pollard, E. (2008) The Archaeology of the Tanzanian Coastal Landscapes in the 6th to 15th Centuries AD. BAR International Series 1873: Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 76.
Pollard, E. (2008) The Maritime Landscape of Kilwa Kisiwani and its Region, Tanzania 11th to 15th century AD. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 27: 265–280.
Pollard, E. (2008) Inter-tidal causeways and platforms of the thirteenth- to sixteenth-century city-state of Kilwa Kisiwani, Tanzania. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 37 (1): 98-114.


Sandra HenryLead Research Archaaeologist - Cherish Project

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Current Projects

Sandra is lead research archaeologist on the EU funded project CHERISH. Sandra’s role involves developing, guiding and initiating the data capture and research agenda of this collaborative project with Wales.


Sandra obtained a B.A. degree in archaeology and classical studies from the National University of Ireland, Galway, and a M.A. in maritime archaeology, at the University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg. Sandra has worked as a maritime archaeologist in various capacities including research, commercially and for public bodies.

Research Interests

Sandra’s broad research interests include nautical archaeology, Neolithic archaeology and maritime cultural heritage management. Specific areas of interest are prehistoric seafaring, human interaction and movement, naval warfare, maritime cultural landscapes and underwater archaeological survey and recording methods.


Ejstrud , B., Goddiksen, P., Henry, S., Persson, C., Tomasi, D. and Thomsen, A. (2014) Halls, Houses and Huts. Buildings at Ribe Viking Centre. Denmark: Print & Sign, University of Southern Denmark. 85 pp ISBN 978-87-996237-1-6

Auer, J., Boda, A., Ditta, M., Henry, S., Karali, E., Karlsen, T., Maarleveld, T., Sokulu, S., Sparvath and Wroblewski, E. (2013) SkernØysund Wreck 3 Fieldwork Report 2011. Denmark: Print & Sign, University of Southern Denmark. ISBN 978-87-992214-9-3

MA_BevivinoPostgraduate Programme
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Michael Ann Bevivino has been awarded an Irish Research Council Employment-based Postgraduate Programme award to pursue a PhD entitled Breaking the mould: Ireland’s replicas of cultural objects from the historic to the digital. Michael Ann’s research is a collaboration between the Discovery Programme, CRDS Ltd and the UCD School of Art History and Cultural Policy. She has worked with the Discovery Programme on various projects since 2005, when she excavated in Tulsk, Co. Roscommon as part of the Medieval Rural Settlement Project. From 2012 to 2014, she was the Research Assistant on the Late Iron Age and ‘Roman’ Ireland (LIARI) Project. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Art History and Archaeology from the University of Virginia in 2007. In 2010, she received her Masters in Classics from University College Dublin.

Research Interests

• Replicas of cultural objects, especially plaster casts of classical sculpture and Irish objects

• History of collections and museums, especially collecting practices and private collections during the Grand Tour

• Public engagement and outreach in heritage, archaeology and museums

• Artefact conservation, documentation and archiving

• Community archaeology

• Exhibition design and management

• Classical Reception, especially plaster casts and other reproductions of classical sculpture

• Greek and Roman sculpture

• Early Medieval Ireland

• Medieval Ireland

• Roman archaeology


Bevivino, M.A. Forthcoming: ‘Lost and (re)found: investigating Roman artefacts in Ireland’, Imperialism and Identities at the Edges of the Roman World (chapter in edited volume)

Bevivino, M.A. Forthcoming: ‘The Laocoön’s painted toe nails: some thoughts on copies of Classical sculpture in Ireland’, in Joseph Fenwick (ed.), Lost and Found III: rediscovering Ireland’s past (Bray: Wordwell Books) (chapter in edited volume)

Bevivino, M.A. 2015: ‘Two recently restored high cross replicas in the collection of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland’, Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Vol. 142/143 (short journal article)

Bevivino, M.A. 2014: Contribution to Discovery Programme Report 8, Late Iron Age and ‘Roman’ Ireland (Wordwell Books) (chapter in edited volume)

Bevivino, M.A. 2013: ‘Even better than the real thing? Collecting copies of ancient sculpture in Ireland’, Museum Ireland 2015 (journal article)

Bevivino, M.A. 2010: ‘The story of a fragment: the mummy wrapping of Khnum-Nakht’, Trowel: UCD Student Archaeology Journal, Vol. 12 (journal article)

Bevivino, M.A. 2009: et al., ‘Mapping Death: burials, boundaries and territories in Ireland, first to eighth centuries AD’ in The European Archaeologist, Vol. 31 (web journal article)

Bevivino, M.A. 2008: Book Review, Art and devotion in late medieval Ireland in Eolas: the Journal of the American Society of Irish Medieval Studies, Vol. 2 (book review)

Roseanne_Schot Post-Doctoral Fellow - Tara Research Project
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Current Projects

Roseanne was appointed Post-Doctoral Fellow and lead investigator on the Tara Research Project in December 2015. Her primary role is to analyse and prepare for publication the results of geophysical survey and remote sensing undertaken at Tara and in its environs over the past 15 years, in collaboration with research partners at NUI Galway and the Römisch-Germanische Kommission (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut), Frankfurt. She is also coordinating new archaeological investigations in the wider Tara landscape and the preparation of a research framework for the next stage of the Tara Project.


Roseanne studied archaeology and history at NUI Galway (BA Hons., 2001) where her PhD research as an IRCHSS scholar focused on the cultic and royal landscape of Uisneach, Co. Westmeath, the celebrated ‘navel’ of Ireland and meeting point of the ancient provinces. Since completing her PhD in 2008, she has maintained an active role in research and fieldwork at Uisneach and recently completed the first phase of a conservation plan for the hill, funded by the Heritage Council and the National Monuments Service, DAHG.

Prior to joining The Discovery Programme, Roseanne was a research associate and part-time lecturer in the School of Geography & Archaeology, NUI Galway (2009-2015). During this time, she contributed to research and teaching on royal ceremonial landscapes and early Irish kingship, and directed the geophysical survey component of departmental research at the ‘royal’ sites of Dún Ailinne, Tara and Rathcroghan, the monasteries founded by St Columbanus at Annegray (France) and Bobbio (Italy) and the early ecclesiastical foundation at Cleenish Island (Co. Fermanagh).

Research Interests

Her research interests include landscape studies, Iron Age and early medieval Ireland/Europe, Irish ‘royal’ complexes, religion and ritual, kingship and cosmology.


Schot, R. et al. (in prep.) Archaeological survey and remote sensing at Tara (untitled monograph).
Schot, R., Newman, C. and Bhreathnach, E. (eds) 2011. Landscapes of cult and kingship. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

Schot, R. (forthcoming). Forging life amid the dead: crafting and kingship at Iron Age Tara. Discovery Programme Reports 9.
Schot, R., Fenwick, J., Beusing, R. and Rassmann, K. 2016. A renewed programme of discovery at Tara. Archaeology Ireland 30(1), 18–21.
Schot, R., Waddell, J. and Fenwick, J. 2016. Geophysical survey at Rathcroghan 2010–2012. Emania 23, 51–9.
Beusing, R., Rassmann, K., Fenwick, J. and Schot, R. 2016. Landschaftsarchäologische forschungen am königssitz von Tara. e-Forschungsberichte des Deutschen Archäologischen Institut 3, 69–73.
McGinley, S., Potito, A.P., Molloy, K., Schot, R., Stuijts, I. and Beilman, D.W. 2015. Lough Lugh, Uisneach: from natural lake to archaeological monument? The Journal of Irish Archaeology 24, 115–30.
Schot, R., Stuijts, I., McGinley, S. and Potito, A. 2014. Reflections on a lake: a multi-proxy study of environmental change and human impacts at Lough Lugh, Uisneach, Co. Westmeath. Late Iron Age and ‘Roman’ Ireland. Discovery Programme Reports 8, 113–26. Dublin: Wordwell.
Schot, R. 2011. From cult centre to royal centre: monuments, myths and other revelations at Uisneach. In R. Schot, C. Newman and E. Bhreathnach (eds), Landscapes of cult and kingship, 87–113. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
Bully, S., Marron, E., Schot, R., Dowling, G. and Fiocchi, L. 2011. Le site du monastère d’Annegray (Haute-Saône): les prospections géophysiques. Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre 15, 2–7.
Fenwick, J., Dowling, G., Schot, R. and Rogers, J. 2011. Crewbane souterrain and nearby archaeological features, Brugh na Bóinne, Slane, Co. Meath. Ríocht na Midhe 23, 1–25.
Schot, R. 2006. Uisneach Midi a medón Érenn: a prehistoric ‘cult’ centre and ‘royal site’ in Co. Westmeath. The Journal of Irish Archaeology 15, 39–71.


M Teehan

E-RIHS Co-ordinator Ireland

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Current Projects

Mary is the E-RIHS Coordinator for Ireland. The European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science (E-RIHS) is an exciting EU project which will support research on heritage interpretation, preservation, documentation and management. E-RIHS is a response to the challenges of sustainable services, facilities, accessibility and data storage for cultural heritage. She is an ECQA Certified EU Project Manager for Research & Development and buildings archaeologist.


Mary has over 12 years’ experience in the heritage sector, working in the fields of built and cultural heritage as a researcher, consultant, lecturer and on community heritage initiatives. She created and delivered the first Heritage Appraisal module in the DIT College for Planning & Environmental Management which became part of the undergraduate programme. Along with colleagues, she achieved EU Europa Nostra award-winning outcomes for the public through a heritage education programme with the Heritage Council in 2013. As Project Co-ordinator for the highly-regarded Heritage Council INSTAR grants programme, she saw world-class Irish research projects develop. Her own research interests focus on public engagement with cultural heritage, heritage science and public space and settlement, having researched the evolution of county courthouses for her MA in Buildings Archaeology in UCC.

Mary was Strategy Coordinator for the Archaeology 2025 Strategy. This was a Royal Irish Academy initiative which was facilitated by the Discovery Programme. The strategy, and a separate Summary document, were launched on 2nd May 2017 by the RIA. Recommendations are currently being implemented by the RIA Standing Committee on Archaeology and she continues to be involved. For more details click here ( Archaeology 2025 is available for all to download at:


  1. Archaeology 2025: Strategic Pathways for Archaeology in Ireland 2017-05-02, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin

  2. Three for One: Analysis of Three Differing Approaches to Developing an Archaeology Strategy, 2017-01-06, Europae Archaeologiae Consilium (forthcoming)

  3. Archaeology 2025: Discussion Document, 2015-10-01, Royal Irish Academy & The Discovery Programme, Dublin

  4. The Archaeological Profession in Ireland: A Workshop on Future Possibilities, 2011-03-01, The Heritage Council, Kilkenny

  5. The Liberties Local Area Plan: Heritage Section, 2009-06-01, Dublin City Council

  6. Thomas Street & Environs Architectural Conservation Area, 2009-06-01, Dublin City Council

  7. Survey of Industrial Heritage in Co.Waterford, 2008-06-01, Waterford County Council

  8. Inventory of Thatched Structures in Co. Mayo, 2007-06-01, Mayo County Council

  9. The Emergence of County Courthouses: A Socio-archaeological Study of Co.Kilkenny & Co. Cork, 2004-09-01, University College Cork




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